Saturday 28 July 2012

Making Rice Milk (using Thermomix)

white rice milk

Making Rice Milk

gluten free, dairy free, egg free, nut free, corn free, soy free, sugar free
suitable for RPAH Elimination and Failsafe diet

Commercial rice milks have many ingredients and some of us sensitive folks do better making our own... also it is much cheaper to make yourself!

This recipe uses a Thermomix. You could probably do it using your stove top and a blender...

It is smooth and creamy... perfect for all your drinking and cooking needs.

You can add a crushed calcium tablet if required for children.



1L Water
80g White Rice Flour (approx half a cup)
2T Pure Harvest Rice Syrup
1T Rice Bran Oil
Pinch salt

1t Sunflower Lecithin


Weigh water into Thermomix Bowl
Weigh flour
Add other ingredients (excl lecithin)

Cook 60 degrees for 6 minutes on Speed 4
When done, puree 40 seconds on Speed 8
Strain through cheese cloth

strain your milk
Strain through cheesecloth

squeeze the excess
Squeeze out the excess...

Put liquid back in Thermomix and add lecithin
Puree 30 seconds on Speed 6

Use froth for coffee, then pour rest into a Tupperware bottle.
Once cool store in the fridge for 2-3 days

coffee cup
Perfect froth for your coffee...

Sunflower Lecithin is used as an emlusifier and helps create the creamy texture of this milk.
You can purchase it from Biomed Cafe online... (see suppliers tab)
If you are using the milk for cooking only, you can omit the Lecithin.

Milk will settle upon standing, shake before use.

Stuck for ideas...

variety - cookies

Stuck for ideas...

When variety in ingredients in not possible, look at variety in presentation.

One recipe might be able to be prepared in different ways, giving you new foods
(you know what I mean ;p)

For example,
the flatbread recipe becomes pretzels or you can spread it out thinly on baking paper, cook for a few minutes, score into triangles with a knife and you have crackers too.

cupcakes - can be sweet cupcakes, savoury muffins if you add grated or pureed veg; or donuts if you pop it into a donut machine

pancakes - can be sweet pancakes or in the same way as the muffins, can be savoury;

use a mini danish pancake machine for tiny ones (machine avail at Myer) or pour into a waffle machine for a new look!

bread dough - loaf of bread, bread rolls, foccacia, sweet or savoury scrolls

cookies - roll into a ball and press with a fork, pipe using a cookie press or cut into shapes with cutters. They can be sweet using white rice flour or go for a wholemeal cookie and use brown rice flour or buckwheat flour.

Be creative with what you can eat!!


Saturday 7 July 2012

Technique - Bread Making with Yeast

xanthan gum loaf
Xanthan Gum Loaf

Bread (with Yeast)

gluten free, dairy free, egg free, nut free, corn free, soy free, sugar free
suitable for RPAH Elimination and Failsafe diet
Gluten free bread making is a challenge... most available commercially are like rocks, some have a great flavour and taste nice as toast, others are crumbly and inedible. It is possible to have a nice soft gluten free loaf. Nothing will be exactly the same as a bread made with gluten, but you can come very close.
I have two loaves that I really love - white and wholegrain. The wholegrain is probably the closest to 'normal' bread I've ever made. Both are light and able to be eaten as sandwiches when fresh. We have sandwiches the day the bread is baked and then toast for the days after.

If you really want to be able to take a sandwich to school/work, we use bread rolls instead. They are easy to freeze, defrost and quickly refresh in the oven each morning; and they still taste good at lunchtime.

There are a few techniques required to make good bread and it will take practise to master them. We will go through each process with images and I hope this helps you succeed! If your bread does not work, please ask questions and I will do my best to assist. It is worth persevering until you get it... honestly it is!

Firstly, you need a mixer that can handle mixing the dough. You can do it by hand, but it is really hard work. A hand mixer will not work, its motor is not powerful enough. A stand mixer like a KitchenAid is great, as is the awesome Thermomix. I have both and love making bread in either.

Secondly, you need a tin. The recipe makes a small loaf. I use a loaf tin that measures 25 x 13 x 6 (cm). Normally I double the recipe and make a large loaf using a 700g tin from Simply No Knead. (see supplier tab for their details)

Creating a warm place for your bread to rise
If you live in a warm climate, in summer, you might be able to get away with rising your bread on the window sill. Relying on the weather is not very convenient so I use this method instead.

Preheat oven to 200 degrees celcius... while you make your dough, the oven will warm enough to rise your bread. It should take approx 10 minutes for the oven to get to the correct temp. This is the step most people have issues with and the bread will not rise unless you get this right. Buy an oven thermometer if you need to (very inexpensive at kitchen shops, mine was $10). My oven is about 100 degrees at this point. When you are ready to put in the dough, turn the oven OFF. The remaining warm air in the oven with activate the yeast and rise your bread.

If the oven is too hot, the yeast will die; if the oven is too cold, nothing will happen.

Proof your yeast
We use LOWAN brand yeast in the red tube. The brands that have sachets have a lot of ingredients added. The tube is handy as you can measure out the quantity you want easily.

You need the correct temp to proof your yeast, if it is too hot, the yeast will die. Water temp needs to be between 30 - 40 degrees. Test with a thermometer. Using your finger to test, you will find the water is tepid, just warm (not quite warm enough for the bath). To achieve this I use some boiling water and some room temperature water. I weigh about 100 - 130g boiling water from the kettle to a glass mixing bowl, then add the remaining weight in cool tap water. Check with the thermometer to make sure the finished water is the right temperature. Adjust if necessary.

Now add your rice syrup. This feeds the yeast to make it activate. You can use sugar, golden syrup whatever you like. We use rice syrup to be cane sugar free. Stir to dissolve the syrup. Now add the yeast and stir briefly to incorporate the yeast into the liquid.
yeast ready to proof
Yeast ready to proof

Leave to rest for approx 10 mins until puffy.

Proofed yeast
Proofed yeast
side view - proofed yeast
Side view - proofed yeast

If the yeast does not look puffed after that time... either the water was too hot/too cold... or the yeast was not fresh. The yeast needs to be fresh. Store your yeast in the fridge or freezer. Throw out the mix and start again with fresh yeast.

While your yeast is getting ready, you can measure out your flours.

Make dough
TURN OFF YOUR OVEN if you haven't already,
so your warm place doesn't get too hot

Add all the dry ingredients to the bowl... measure carefully
Turn on mixer and combine slowly. It is important to combine all the gums into the flours before adding liquid.

Xanthan Gum - if you are using the xanthan gum recipe, the type of gum is very important. There are several on the market. The one I find to work the best has a very smooth texture and is light in colour... my brand choice is PureVit (they have recently changed their branding to NuVit). Other brands are dark in colour and very grainy. I have not had any success with the grainy xanthan.

Winter - you need to bake with warm ingredients. If your flour is cold, it will not rise. Feel it with your hands and if necessary warm the flour in the microwave briefly to take the chill off.

Once your flours have combined, add your liquid ingredients, including the proofed yeast.
Turn on mixer slowly at first so flour doesn't go everywhere! Increase speed until the dough has come together. It will look like a very thick cake batter.

It will not come away from the bowl like a gluten dough.

The dough is very sticky and you will need wet hands to handle it.

KitchenAid Dough
Dough in KitchenAid Mixer
Thermomix Bread Dough
Dough in Thermomix
Shape your loaf in the tin

Grease your bread tin, then using a spatula, drop all the dough into the tin. Using the spatula, push the dough to the bottom of the tin and shape it like a mountain... so there is a high point down the centre of the tin... make sure you smooth it down and tap the tin on the bench to remove air bubbles.

Dampen the top of the loaf with wet hands to help stop it drying out during the rising process.
bread dough ready to proof
Bread dough - ready to proof

Proof your dough

Gluten free dough only needs one rise. Usually with gluten bread, you would do a first rise, then reshape for the final rise. We don't need to do that.

Place your tin in your warm place. We are using the oven. Check its temperature is still ok. Close the door and wait for approx 15-20 minutes. After that time the bread will have doubled in size.

risen and ready to bake
Risen and Ready to Bake!

If it still looks the same as before, you need to go back through the steps.

Usual problems are:

  • yeast was old and didn't proof enough
  • not enough liquid was added
  • flours were freezing cold
  • too much flour was added
  • modifications were made to the recipe
  • oven was too hot for rising and killed the yeast
  • oven was too cold so nothing happened

This is the hardest part of breadmaking and where most people struggle.

Bake your bread

Leave the bread in the oven and turn it on to the required temperature. The bread will continue to rise as the oven comes back up to temp.

Cook for 40 mins - 1 hour. Depends on your oven... mine takes an hour, others have told me they only need to cook for 40 minutes.

When the bread looks golden, take it out of the tin, and tap it on the bottom. It should sound hollow. If it does then you are all done. Cool on a rack.

wholegrain and white loaf
Wholegrain loaf (back) and White Loaf (large loaves)

Do not slice it until the bread has totally cooled. You can store the bread however you like. In winter I leave it on the bench in a tupperware container. In summer, it is too humid and the bread goes mouldy quickly, so I store it in the same container in the fridge. Slice and freeze if you prefer.

Here is another version you can use which uses eggs. For a normal size bread loaf, purchase a large 700g tin from Simply No Knead and make the following amendments to the recipe...

Using the guar gum recipe:

For one small loaf using normal tin
Reduce guar gum to 1t
Add an extra 1/4C white rice flour/buckwheat flour for seed loaf
Add 1 small egg (50-60g)
Proceed with the rest of the recipe as usual

Double the quantities for the large tin
Reduce the guar gum to 2t (instead of 3t)
Add an extra 1/2C white rice flour/buckwheat flour for seed loaf
Add 2 small eggs (50-60g each)
Proceed with the rest of the recipe as usual

If your loaf has sunk in the middle or is wet inside, the dough was too moist. This can happen in summer when it is really humid. Reduce the liquid by 2 tablespoons in this case.

There are a few different bread recipes in the books: Xanthan Gum, CMC, Guar Gum and grain free gluten free seed. The CMC and the Guar Gum loaves look the same. They rise less than the Xanthan, but still have a lovely texture. Xanthan gum is from corn, so if you have a corn allergy, you can use the Guar Gum recipe. The ingredients for the CMC loaf need to be ordered online.

You can make the recipes white or wholemeal. See the variation in the recipe for flour substitutions.

Xanthan gum bread recipe (traditional method)

Guar gum bread recipe (traditional method)

How to proof yeast and bread dough

For an impressive rise, make the Xanthan Gum Loaf!
The Xanthan has a mind of its own and rises into an amazing rustic shape. The texture is beautiful and soft. 

xanthan gum loaves - wholegrain and white
Xanthan Gum loaves - Wholegrain on left, White on right.
These are large loaves (use double recipe in 700g tin)

The CMC and Guar Gum recipe, does not rise as much as the Xanthan loaf, but is a very easy to work with dough and can be used to shape into all sorts of creations. The texture of the bread is lovely and soft. 

guar gum loaf
Guar Gum/CMC loaf (large loaf - double book recipe and use 700g tin)
For a grain free option using gluten free seeds, see the Failsafe to Healing workbook. Using buckwheat, millet, amaranth, quinoa (use a combination or just one) with added poppy seeds, quinoa mixed coloured grains and flaxseeds (leave out flaxseeds for Elimination/failsafe). The bread is lovely and soft, full of flavour.
grain free GF seed loaf
Grain free gluten free Seed loaf - This is one quantity of dough using a small tin from Simply No Knead. Their tins are designed so that the bread slice size is large, just the length of the loaf is small... worth investing in one.

what else could we make with the same dough?

I use the Guar Gum bread recipe to make these as well...

The Guar loaf does what it is told, and will bake in the exact shape you make it. For this reason I use it to make rolls, focaccia, hot cross buns, sweet and savoury danish. You are only limited by your creativity!

hot cross buns
Use your guar gum dough to make Hot Cross Buns!

Pear Danish
Pear Danish - using Guar Gum dough

Focaccia - divide dough into two, and press down into tins with wet hands, stick fingers in to make indentations... sprinkle with salt flakes. Rise, and bake as per normal recipe.

ready to eat focaccia
Focaccia - ready to enjoy!

hamburger buns
Hamburger rolls - we use these for adult and teenager lunches too
Just roll the dough into balls with wet hands and place in tins to rise, bake as per normal recipe

mini rolls
Mini Rolls - great size for little hands
pita pockets
Pita Pockets - see blog post for instructions

Pizza bases - see blog post for instructions

We don't have to miss out on bread when we need to eliminate Gluten from our diets...

Happy Baking!


All bread recipes are in my book... please see the Recipe Book Tab for purchasing details.